Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of human movement. In other words, is it the study of how the musculo-skeletal system works in different conditions. Sports biomechanics studies the interaction between the performer (the athlete), sports equipment (e.g. running shoes) and the environment (e.g. running track).
We try to identify the optimal technique to improve sports performance, analyze loading whilst performing a particular sport or exercise to reduce injury risk and even prevent injury, assess muscular recruitment and coordination, study the impact of equipment on movement quality, examine loading characteristics of exercises to improve training and rehabilitation programs. To perform these tasks, we use various methods to objectively measure variables such as joint accelerations (using 3D automated kinematics), explosive strength (using force sensors), muscular loading (using electromyography), ground reaction forces (using force plates), and so on.
For example, the design of a running shoe or the composition of an athletic track are the result of intensive research on the effects of certain materials on the behavior of the athlete with the aim to improve performance without harming the human body.
Human Motion Lab
The Human Motion Lab is the result of a fruitful collaboration between the Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg (CHL), the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH), the Luxembourg Institute of Research in Orthopedics, Sports Medicine and Science (LIROMS) and the Luxembourg Institute for High Performance in Sports (LIHPS). In a high-performance context – one of the laboratory’s missions – it allows elite athletes to improve their running technique and optimize their equipment.
Human Motion Lab
- Qualisys motion capture camera system – 11 Miqus Mocap & Video cams to deliver high-speed, high-quality monochrome or color video with wide field of view – in Full HD & up to 650 frames per second
- Arsalis force plates: superior technology for in-depth, high-speed 3D force analyses of any movement task
- Motek split-belt instrumented treadmill: Running ground reaction forces, centre-of-pressure, spatio-temporal parameters and beyond? Measured at ease at high frequency in conditions of pitch or sway along with direct video feedback to the runners